Heinroth, Sehaumann, Mnch, Eckartshausen, and others. In Kant's time the subject was a bone of contention between faculties, Kant representing in the quarrel the philosophic, Metzger, Hoffbauer, and Fries, the medical faculties. Later legal psychology was simply absorbed by psychiatry, and thereby completely subsumed among the medical disciplines, in spite of the fact that Regnault, still later, attempted to recover it for philosophy, as is pointed out in Friedreich's well-known text-book (cf. moreover V. Wilbrand's text-book). Nowadays, criminal psychology, as represented by Kraus, Krafft- Ebing, Maudsley, Holtzendorff, Lombroso, and others has become a branch of criminal anthropology. It is valued as the doctrine of motives in crime, or, according to Liszt, as the investigation of the psychophysical condition of the criminal. It is thus only a part of the subject indicated by its name. How utterly criminal psychology has become incorporated in criminal anthropology is demonstrated by the works of Ncke, Kurella, Bleuler, Dallemagne, Marro, Ellis, Baer, Koch, Maschka, Thomson, Ferri, Bonfigli, Corre, etc.
 Johann Heinroth: Grundzuge der Kriminalpsychologie. Berlin 1833.
 Schaumann: Ideen zu einer Kriminalpsychologie. Halle 1792.
 Mnch: ber den Einfluss der Kriminalpsychologie auf Pin System der Kriminal-Rechts. Nrnberg 1790.
 Eckartshausen. ber die Notwendigkeit psychologiseher Kenntnisse bei Beurteilung von Verbreehern. Mnchen, 1791.
 J. Fries: Handbuch der psychologischer Anthropologie. Jena, 1820.
 E. Regnault: Das gerichtliche Urteil der rzte ber psychologische Zustande. Cln, 1830.
 J. B. Friedreich: System der gerichtlichen Psychologie. Regensburg 1832.